A violent death in Early Medieval Meath

Royal 13 B VIII f.28

Irish axe men depicted in Giraldus Cambrensis’ Topographia Hibernica

The Irish Annals indicate that during the early medieval period (c. AD 450 -1150) Ireland was at times a very violent place. Just how brutal life could be during this period was starkly illustrated by the results of an archaeological excavation at Raystown in Co. Meath. Carried out under the direction of Matthew Seaver, this dig uncovered a large early medieval cemetery that contained the remains of at least 90 burials. These were subsequent analysed by osteologist Dr Linda Fibiger and variety of pathologies were identified. However, one burial stood out.


Evidence of blade marks on the skeletal remains if Raystown man (Seaver 2009, p. 167)

This was the remains of a young man, who was aged between 26 and 35 at time of death. He had been buried sometime around AD 400 to 600 and the cause of his passing was clearly evident on his bones. He had been brutally slain with a sharp bladed weapon, most likely a sword. At least 110 blade marks were evident on his torso, indicating that he had suffered a frenzied and prolonged attack. The man had been stabbed multiple times and it appears that the assault continued well after he had fallen to the ground. The scale of the damage inflicted on the man’s body was striking and it went well beyond what was necessary to kill him.

The reason why he endured such a ferocious attack remains unknown. It may have been related to a local battle or possibly a personal dispute that erupted into extreme violence. Concerning the former, the historical sources do suggest that warfare in early medieval Ireland occasionally featured wanton over-kill. For example in AD 733 the Annals of the Four Masters describe how at the battle of Ath Seanaith,

Heroes were slaughtered, and bodies were mutilated…..the Leinstermen were killed, slaughtered, cut off, and dreadfully exterminated‘.

Whatever the reason for the young man’s bloody demise, it appears that at least in death his body was afforded some respect. It had been carefully gathered up, most likely by his friends or relatives, and then buried according to Christian tradition in a what was probably an ancestral cemetery in Raystown.



Seaver, M. 2009 ‘Harvesting time: digging and living at Raystown, Co. Meath’, in Fenwick J. (ed.) Lost and Found II. Rediscovering Ireland’s Past, Wordwell, Bray pp. 167-178

Seaver, M. 2006 ‘Through the mill – excavation of an early medieval settlement at Raystown, County Meath’ in Stanley, M. and O’ Sullivan , J. Settlement, Industry and Ritual (Archaeology and the National Roads Authority, Monograph Series 3)

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5 Responses to A violent death in Early Medieval Meath

  1. Peter Ole Kvint November 26, 2015 at 5:35 pm #

    The tradition is that everyone who has pricked in corpse have a responsibility for the killing.

  2. Ali Isaac November 27, 2015 at 9:51 am #

    Ah poor guy! What a way to go. Amazing what you can tell from looking at the bones so many hundreds of years later.

  3. Cat from MA December 3, 2015 at 7:47 am #

    Now we know something about this young man and feel compassion for him and those who cared for his body, but his long-dead attackers are only known from their brutality.

  4. Marco Di Paolo (@marcodpaolo) December 13, 2015 at 8:07 pm #

    When and if our future civilizations will examine us (in the far hypotesis this will be possible) they will see how much the proliferation of guns and the use by people unstable with their head has provoked useless deaths summing up to the ones that come for disease like cancer and other ilnesses. They will be able to study where the people die and what is the “reason” of it. This is when people go mad.
    Interesting post.

    Beside the future we can already see this now and calculate and make our big data theories and take “conclusions”


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